Toy Breed, ideally suited for indoor and companion dog.
Characteristics: A graceful, alert, swift-moving little dog with saucy expression, compact, and with terrier-like qualities of temperament. The Chihuahua is an unmistakable dog, with his apple-domed skull blending into his lean cheeks and jaws. The head is topped with large ears that are held erect when alert, but have their position for repose (a 45 degree angle flare at the sides). The body is level on the back and slightly longer than high. There are two coats types: smooth, a close glossy coat of a soft texture; and long, a flat or slightly curly, soft-textured coat with an undercoat preferred. Either coat type can be any color - solid, marked, or splashed. Weight: 1 - 6 pounds (1/2 - 3 kg). Height varies accordingly.
History: The Chihuahua named after the state in Mexico, is the smallest canine in recorded history. Some sources trace the breed to South America; it is believed variously that the dog, or dogs similar to it in size and type, was revered by the Aztecs as a sacred dog, fostered by the 9th - century Toltecs when it was called Techichi, or developed and kept by the Incas. The origins of any canine on the South American continent invite problems to which countless natural historians have addressed themselves. If dogs indeed existed in the Americas, particularly in Incan civilization, they were saved by the Spaniards that arrived there. Other reports, however, indicate that the conquistadors only found tree-climbing mute, mutant rodents in South America and surely these are not the forefathers of our beloved Chihuahua. The Chinese, some believe, had their hands in the breed as well, with incessant fetish for bantamization. The Chinese contribution to the breed more likely occurred in a latter-day cross to the Chinese Crested. The breed as we know it today descends from selectively bred American Stock. A swift little dog with a quick response, the Chihuahua can run circles around dogs twice his size. He has a lot of heart and a lot of energy contained in one handy-sized canine companion.
Kennel Clubs: FIC, AKC, UKC, KCGB, CKC, ACA